History of Ubuntu Linux operating system


History of Ubuntu

Many of the Ubuntu Linux users may be wondering when and how Ubuntu started and who is responsible for it. Here is a quick look at the history of Ubuntu Linux.
Ubuntu is an ancient African word meaning "humanity to others". It also means "I am what I am because of who we all are'. The Ubuntu operating system brings the spirit of Ubuntu to the world of computers.
Ubuntu  Linux was sponsored and started by the UK-based company Canonical Ltd. The owner of this company is South African entrepreneur Mark Shuttleworth. Canonical generates revenue by providing technical support and services related to Ubuntu.


The main features of Ubuntu Linux are:
  • Ubuntu is free
  • Alternate to Windows and MAC OS's
  • Ubuntu is the most popular Linux-based OS in the world (80 million users till now)
  • Dell and Acer now offer desktops with Ubuntu
  • Firefox browser comes inbuilt
  • Thunderbird and Evolution e-mail
  • Open Office suite
  • GIMP (Photoshop-like image editor)
  • Music and Video players
  • Games too!
Canonical releases a new version of Ubuntu every six months. The very first version of Ubuntu was released in the year 1997. Each Ubuntu version name contains the year of release and the month in which it is released.
Different versions of Ubuntu released till now and their code name are-

Ubuntu 7.04 (Feisty Fawn)
Ubuntu 7.10 (Gutsy Gibbon)
Ubuntu 8.04 LTS (Hardy Heron)
Ubuntu 8.10 (Intrepid Ibex)
Ubuntu 9.04 (Jaunty Jackalope)
Ubuntu 9.10 (Karmic Koala)
Ubuntu 10.04 LTS (Lucid Lynx)
Ubuntu 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat)
Ubuntu 11.04 (Natty Narwhal)
Ubuntu 11.10 (Oneiric Ocelot)
Ubuntu 12.04 (Precise Pangolin)

Latest Ubuntu 11.10

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